Reconstruction communiste Canada - Antonio Artuso - 21 février 2014
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The difference between: (1) the capitalist mode of production (dictatorship of the capitalists); and (2) the socialist mode of production (dictatorship of the proletariate)
Why do communist fight to overthrow capitalism and to develop the socialist economy and society, and then the communism society (without classes and without State)
Antonio Artuso - Communist Reconstruction Canada
Version 1: Feb. 21, 2014 - Version 2: Feb. 22, 20014
[THIS DRAFT IS BEING MODIFIED AND DEVELOPPED]
AN ANALYSIS OF THE DIFFERENCES EXISTING BETWEEN:
(1) the capitalist mode of production (dictatorship of the capitalists - the capitalists are those who earn profits from the work of others, the workers); and:
(2) the socialist mode of production (dictatorship of the proletariate - the proletariate is made of those who earn their living through their work without making profit on the work of other workers).
(1) MODES OF PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION; AND
(2) MODES OF GOVERNMENT:
(1) THE OWNERSHIP OF THE MEANS OF PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION: (1) PRIVATE (Capitalism) OR (2) COLLECTIVE (Socialism):
CAPITALISM: A smaller and smaller group of capitalists and capitalist monopolies own almost all the means of production: land, companies (mining, lumber, oil, gas, food, transportation), etc.);
SOCIALISM: Collective ownership of the means of production.
(2) THE OPPOSED OBJECTIVES OF THE TWO MODES OF PRODUCTION:
The objective of capitalism is the maximum profit for the owners of the means of production (big capitalists, monopolies and shareholders):
Theoretically capitalism allows equality, because it allows people to enrich. It depends of their capacities.
In fact capitalism allows the concentration
(1) of capital,
(2) of political power,
(3) of information,
(4) of weapons
(a) by capitalists and monopolies;
(b) by the capitalist State (laws and institutions, electoral, judicial and executive institutions, armed organization (police, armies, etc.)
The consequence : the rulling classes (big capitalists, big landowners, big monopolies, big shareholders, etc. ) becomes richer, stronger and more violent. Their rule is «maximum profit», to get more capital and more profits to beat the competition;
SOCIALISM AND ITS 2 STAGES:
The objective of socialism is to develop collectively a wealthier society, to reduce the surviving differences between the former capitalists and the workers.
The first stage of socialism is the government of the working class. Under capitalism, the State is a repressive machine of the dominant classes against the dominated classes. Under socialism, the dominant class is the working class (the proletariate) and the dominated classes are the former capitalists (who will never cease to try to come back to power). The objective of the first stage of socialisme is to abolish the class differences between persons.
In the second and final stage of socialism (the communist society), the class differences between people will have vanished, and people will be equal in education, health, wealth. Antagonistic class differences will have disapeard. In this new society, a society without social classes, the State will disapear because there will be no need of a State of the dominant class to dominate the working class. This new society, the communist society, will be a society without social classes and, therefore, a society without State.
(3) ON DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP:
We learn in most of history books that Ancient Greece was the first society to have democracy as its political regime. But the history books don't say that, in fact, Ancient Greece was (1) a democracy for the class of slave owners (10% of the population) and (2) a dictatorship for the slaves (90% of the population).
Today, the political regime is a democracy for the class of capital owners (less than 1% of the population of millionaires and billionaires) and a dictatorship for most of the rest of the world's population.
Through history, there has been different modes of production:
- Primitive communism - There were no classes and no State because there were very few tools (means of production) and no surplus production no accumulation of cereals or animals - In primitive societies, people shared everything like a family and there was no dominant class and no State.
- The Slave mode of production of Ancient empires (Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome) - The 2 main classes were : (1) the class of slave owner; and (2) the class of the slaves - The State (laws, institutions, armies, were established by the slaveowner class);
- The feudal mode of production - The 2 main classes were : (1) the class of feudal lords; and (2) the class of the serves, who worked the fields and gave part of their crops to the feudal lords - The State (laws, institutions, armies, were established by the feudal class);
- The capitalist mode of production - The 2 main classes are : (1) the class of capitalists (who own machines, etc.); and (2) the working class or proletariate (who have no other source of income than their intellectual or manual work, and who produce all the wealth of society - part of the surplus value they produce is taken by the capitalists as profits - The State (laws, institutions, armies, are established by the capitalist class to maintain its domination over the working class);
Every mode of production has (1) a rulling class; (2) a State of this rulling class
THE GOVERNMENT, A "DEMOCRACY OF THE PEOPLE, BY THE PEOPLE, FOR THE PEOPLE" (formula attributed to Pericles, coined by abolitionist Theodore Parker, used by Abraham Lincoln in 1863 [*], and introduced in the 1958 Constitution of France)
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE RULLING CLASS AND THE WORKERS AND PEOPLE:
The objective is «Democracy is the government OF the people, BY the people and FOR the people» (Abraham Lincoln, 1863). What does this mean?
(1) Government OF the people: Such a government can only exist if the economics and the politics present no antagonistic contradictions between the people and the owners of the means of production.
Only when all the means of production will belong to the people.
Today there are:
(1) capitalists (those who own the means of production, who get profits only because they own capital they inherited or stole from the workers' work - Surplus value = salaries + profits)
(2) proletarians (workers - those who do not own the means of production and do not share the benefit of the collective production of goods and servicesworkers who must give their work to live)
As long as society will be devided, as it is, (1) in capitalists; and (2) proletarians, wealth, which is produced collectively will only profit the capitalists. Therefore, capitalism does not allow a government of the people, it only allows a government of the owners of the means of production, the capitalists;
(2) Government BY the people (the rulling parties, the State, the means of production are governed BY workers); and:
(3) Government FOR the people - the objective of the capitalist is not to develop society collectively but only FOR their private profit.
ON THE PLANNING OF THE ECONOMY:
(1) THE CAPITALIST PLANNING OF THE ECONOMY: Everything is planned within a factory, a business for the maximum profit of the owners
ON THE DOCTRINES (1) OF KEYNES AND (2) OF FRIEDMAN:
(1) KEYNES (The capitalist State uses the State to build infrastructures for the economy and create jobs. After all, the infrastructures will be useful for the capitalists) AND:
(2) FRIEDMAN (No intervention by the capitalist State - The law of the market - Offer and demand)
(2) THE SOCIALIST PLANNING OF ECONOMY: Everything in the socialist economy is planned by the State to produce (1) State infrastructures for the production of (1) means of production machines; (2) products for the people (food, housing, clothes, books, etc.)
ON WAR AND PEACE: (1) CAPITALISM NEEDS WAR; (2) SOCIALISM SEAKS PEACE FOR THE PROLETARIATE AND THE PEOPLES:
One of the big lies of Winston Churchill and the Cold War is that Stalin and the Soviet Union wanted war.
[*] “We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom; and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.”
President Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)
The closing words of his Gettysburg Address, delivered on November 19, 1863 (as recorded in the “Hay Copy” of the speech stored at the Library of Congress, one of five written versions)
As noted in The Quote Verifier and other sources, Lincoln’s phrase “government of the people, by the people, for the people” is the best known use of the of/by/for the people formula, but Lincoln probably adapted his version from a similar phrase used in the 1850s by abolitionist preacherTheodore Parker.
[THIS DRAFT IS BEING MODIFIED AND DEVELOPPED]
Antonio Artuso - Communist Reconstruction Canada - Feb. 21, 2014
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